Monitoring of decentralization reform and its impact on the population was the topic of a recently held workshop with the participation of representatives of central and local public administration, academia, civil society, development partners, as well as responsible persons within the National Bureau of Statistics. The event was organized by the State Chancellery with the support of the Joint Project on Straightening the National Statistical System and the Joint Integrated Local Development Program (JILDP).
Participants of the workshop analyzed the results of the assessment of statistic data available in Moldova, concluded the set of indicators to monitor the decentralization process and the impact of the implementation of decentralization strategy on vulnerable groups of the population.
We reiterate that, in order to improve the availability and quality of statistic data, this year, a set/matrix of indicators to monitor the decentralization was developed. The matrix, developed by the State Chancellery with the support of Joint Project on Straightening the National Statistical System and JILDP, was structured in four key components, in compliance with the objectives of decentralization: fiscal and financial decentralization, political and administrative decentralization and decentralization of services.
According to Ms. Victoria Cujba, Head of Decentralization Policies Department within the State Chancellery, the Republic of Moldova does not have enough desegregated statistic data at the local level to monitor the impact of decentralization on population, in particular on vulnerable groups. "The set of indicators developed as a result of an ample consultative process and debated during today's workshop will be recommended to monitor both the decentralization process and dimensions of vulnerability. This thing will help us clearly and precisely determine the impact of decentralization at the central and sectoral level and, if needed, to make the necessary corrections. Thus, we can ensure equal benefits to all community members and vulnerable groups as a result of decentralization."
Dimensions of vulnerability that are in the focus of the Government and that are reflected in the list of statistic indicators are: income/poverty; age; ability/disability; religion; rural environment, gender issues and gender identity, occupation etc. The proposed indicators established approaches in order to enhance the awareness level of vulnerability and of measures that may reduce the social exclusion.
The experts group that developed this set of indicators presented a series of recommendations to improve the availability and quality of statistic data, so that efficient policies are developed and necessary activities are implemented.